What is Bruxism?


Bruxism is a neuro-muscular problem, which is caused by the clenching or excessive grinding of our teeth when we sleep. Most people are unaware of the condition. Bruxism is difficult to detect straight away.

It is an oral parafunctional activity that can cause many oral facial problems:

  • Wearing of teeth
  • Periodontal problems
  • ATM problems
  • Muscular pain

Bruxism, is not detected straight away, and for that reason in some cases the damage to the enamel is significant, even diagnosed too late.

Once diagnosed though, there are various techniques available.

More and more people in Spain suffer from this pathology. The injection of Botox has now become a good option for patients that suffer from bruxism.

Causes of Bruxism

The causes of bruxism aren´t very clear but some factors include Bad alignment in adults of upper and lower jaws.

Psychological factors, such as anxiety, stress, tension, hyperactivity etc.

In children bruxism is associated with growth and this pathology normally disappears when the child loses their milk teeth.

Some diseases like Parkinson´s, Huntington´s and Sleep Apnea and even some side effects of certain medications can cause bruxism.

There are other factors that have been shown to increase the grinding of teeth nocturnally

  • Smoking
  • Alcohol consumption
  • Drug abuse
  • Caffeine
  • Stress
  • Sleep Apnea
  • Temporal mandibular disorders
  • Insomnia
  • Genetic factors

Recent studies have shown that bruxism is caused by increased activity in jaw muscles, so if we were able to control this the effects of bruxism would be considerably less.

Botox has been used for numerous neuromuscular disorders. These toxins inhibit these neuromuscular movements and that is why Botox is now an effective method to treat bruxism.

Symtoms of Bruxism

The most common symptoms range from relaxation of the muscles responsible for chewing, wearing down of enamel, tooth sensitivity which leads to head aches, neck aches, shoulder pain and of course insomnia.


Férula Michigan


Nowadays various treatments are available for the treatment of bruxism, the most important being the mouth guard.

Bruxism is much more common than you think. For patients who suffer from bruxism dentists normally recommend the use of a Michigan mouthguard, which alters the occlusion therefore avoiding the pressure that results in wearing of teeth.

In line with the digitalization of Dentistry, in Clinic Sunil Daswani we have introduced a new model of Michigan mouthguards where the design and impression is completely digital with a 3d printer. The digital process means there are no errors in its fabrication.